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Adverbs 副詞


Rosie: Hi and welcome to Question and Answer of the week. I'm Rosie and Helen is with me looking very happy.
Helen: I can barely contain my excitement… I'm going to a concert tonight so I'm pretty excited.
Rosie: I'm glad you came in here using lots of adverbs Helen, because that's what we're going to be talking about today.
Helen: I wasn't talking about adverbs. I was talking about the concert tonight, which is going to be absolutely brilliant.
Rosie: And you used the adverbs barely, pretty and absolutely when you said you could barely contain your excitement, that you were pretty excited and the concert's going to be absolutely brilliant. All those words are adverbs, which are words that describe a verb or an adjective.
Helen: Adverb 副詞,用來修飾動詞 或形容詞,形容其程度和方式。Oh right, so today's question is about adverbs, then?
Rosie: Yes. Today we're going to answer the following question from Sun Ling, from ShenZhen:


I know how to use adverbs in this way in which adverbs after verbs. But I don't know how to understand when adverbs plus adjectives. For example: "Apart from the wear and tear, they look remarkably similar to their modern day versions." In our daily life language, adverbs play an important role, so that makes me very confused!
Helen: Sun Ling 知道副詞和動詞搭配是怎么回事兒,可是她對副詞和形容詞的搭配就不是很明白。So what exactly is the difference?
Rosie: Let's start by looking at some examples of how adverbs are used with verbs:


Will you try to walk a bit more quickly? You're as slow as a snail!
He closed the door quietly because he didn't want to wake me up.

You're looking very smart today! What's the occasion?

Rosie: In the first sentence, the adverb we heard was quickly and it describes the verb walk: to walk quickly. So quick is an adjective and describes a noun. And to make this an adverb, we just put the letters –ly on the end.
Helen: 單詞 quick 是一個形容詞“快”,當我們在單詞后面加上 –ly 這就成了一個副詞,用來描述一個動詞,比如:Could you walk more quickly?
Rosie: And in the second example we heard: He closed the door quietly. Here the adverb is quietly and it describes the verb.
Helen: 在這些例子中我們在形容詞后面加上了 –ly, 讓它們變成了副詞。不過不是所有的副詞都以 –ly 結尾。例如剛才最后一個例子中 you're looking very smart, 副詞是 very 用來修飾形容詞 smart, 說明程度, smart, 是精神,很精神呢?就是 very smart.
Rosie: In all these examples, adverbs describe verbs. So let's look at some examples where adverbs describe adjectives – which in case you don't remember are describing words like boring, great or beautiful.

I've bought you three different types of biscuits and you don't like any of them. You're not easily pleased, are you?
Apart from the wear and tear, they look remarkably similar to their modern day versions.
Rosie: So the adverbs used in these examples are easily and remarkably – and instead of describing a verb they describe the adjectives pleased and similar.
Helen: 以上例句里的副詞描述的是形容詞而不是動詞。不過,同樣的副詞也可以描述一個動詞,例如:I did it easily 這里副詞 easily 用來描述動詞 did. 當然它也能描述形容詞,比如:you're not easily pleased. 這里 easily 描述的是形容詞 pleased容易滿足的。
Rosie: Well, I hope we've answered your question Sun Ling and that you're not even more confused than before!
Helen: 如果你有英語問題,請和我們聯系,我們的郵箱是 questions.chinaelt@bbc.co.uk. So, can I finally talk about the concert I'm going to tonight?
Rosie: Yes, you can - as long as you use lots of adverbs to describe your verbs and adjectives.
Helen: Well, I've been waiting for tonight eagerly and patiently. The singer is just amazingly good and the guitarist plays powerfully yet beautifully… I want to be blissfully happy by the end of it…
Rosie: Yeah, alright, alright…

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